Mostly, you can absolutely say that there is a probability that there is a wild cannabis plant growing in the whole world. Most of them live unrecognizable because they grow a smaller but bushier type of plant. However, there is a definite place such as for marijuana plants to grow in certain areas of the whole world, especially when the climate allows the plant to grow sturdy with a quick period. Such areas that are under a warm and more tropical type of climate are where the weed grows most.
It is still essential to keep in mind that even the cannabis weed can grow naturally as a sun-loving plant; every variation is still required to consider, such as the altitude, latitude, and humidity level that it needs. This means that most marijuana plants have been really a result of human intervention rather than being actually growing itself naturally.
Different Climates that Marijuana Likes
The marijuana strains that can be able to grow in dry areas must also deal with the extreme temperature changes from day and night temperature differences. Dry areas refer to the deserts and broad areas that also give rise to strong and famous cannabis strains Afghani or the Afghanistan landrace and the Sinai that are known to flourish in dry and sometimes windy climate conditions.
The humidity, heat, and even the rainfall consistency in tropical climates such as in rainforest and savannas are very suitable for most kinds of marijuana plants to possibly grow in the wild. The extreme sunlight exposure and moderate winter may offer the strain having an ideal condition during the long growing period.
This type of area is commonly identified by having a natural hot, wet and cold summer, dry winters, and more described with the definite large parts of water such as seas and oceans. The Marijuana strains that grow within these wild part areas have already adapted to become tolerable in distinctive weather conditions for the whole year. Examples of strains that grow with these continental types of areas are the Nepalese Landrace and the Swiss Sativa.
A pure strain from the Ko Chang archipelago in Thailand, her THC levels are among the highest in the world. She’s highly prized by Thai growers who smuggle her into Bangkok despite the severity of the country’s penal system. This strain’s value derives from it being the result of continual interbreeding using the best examples of this Thai Ko Chang lineage undertaken over many years by the area’s expert growers; local inhabitants who have been cultivating it for generations. She’s one of Thailand’s most productive strains and has a relatively short flowering cycle for a pure Thai Sativa. Very vigorous, sometimes uncontrollable growth. If grown in a pot, leave plenty of room for the root zone to develop for optimum yields. Like the authentic Thai she is, her taste and smell will bring Asia to your palate while her effect will spirit you away to the indescribable temples of Bangkok.
Our wild-type accessions from northern Pakistan appear to belong to var. himalayensis. Because of the extensive introduction of various types of non-native cultigens to Kazakhstan, formally classifying the accessions named ‘Kazakh’ and ‘Siberian’ is challenging. Similarly, the history of Cannabis in Crimea is complex. If you’re wondering how all this relates to so-called Ruderalis, see this paper on the vernacular taxonomy and the new study on endangered indigenous populations by Small and McPartland.
Wild-type Cannabis is a crucial resource for crop breeders. These populations are highly biodiverse and are likely to have developed numerous adaptations to disease, pests, and extremes of climate. They’re also a potential source from which to recreate now-extinct domesticates (“landraces”). As yet, no significant efforts have been made by public or private gene banks to create adequate long-term stores of subsp. indica domesticates, let alone of their wild-type relatives.
Wild-type: Cannabis is an ancient domesticate. Because the species has been spread and modified by humans for millennia, it’s unlikely there are any pristine populations of true wild Cannabis. As Ernest Small writes, “wild-growing plants of Cannabis sativa L., insofar as has been determined, are either escapes from domesticated forms or the results of thousands of years of widespread genetic exchange with domesticated plants.” However, Nikolai Vavilov believed wild-type Cannabis had diversified naturally into “races”. He also posited distinct Central Asian and South Asian “Centres of Diversity” in which the genus was domesticated independently. After extensive study of herbarium specimens, McPartland and Small have co ncluded that there is indeed a pattern of variation in subsp. indica that was created by natural selection, not humans. They have identified two main wild-type populations, namely South Asian (var. himalayensis) and Central Asian (var. asperrima). These intersect around northern Pakistan and correspond to the two main types of domesticate, namely var. indica (Sativas) and var. afghanica (Indicas).
NOTE: Seeds of wild-type Cannabis exhibit slow and staggered germination. Where cultivation is legal, see the advice on germination here.