Through cloning, you can create a new harvest with exact replicas of your favorite plant. Because genetics are identical, a clone will give you a plant with the same characteristics as the mother, such as flavor, cannabinoid profile, yield, grow time, etc. So if you come across a specific strain or phenotype you really like, you might want to clone it to reproduce more buds that have the same effects and characteristics.
Some varieties of cannabis can produce male parts alongside female flowers on the same plant, especially if exposed to environmental stressors. These plants are known as hermaphrodites, and sometimes they can self-pollinate to create seeds.
What are feminized cannabis seeds?
Autoflowering seeds are also popular with beginning growers. They are easy to grow because you don’t have to worry about light cycles and how much light a plant receives.
Most seeds that you will buy are regular seeds as described above, but here are a couple more types.
Keep a close eye on the temperature and moisture level of the soil to keep the seed happy. It’s very delicate at this stage. Use a spray bottle to water it—over-watering can suffocate and kill the delicate sprout.
• Grow Tip: Organic soil will have all of the primary nutrients and trace elements a Cannabis plant requires during the early stages. Bottled nutrients will also work well as long as you follow the recommended guide.
• Grow Tip: The first week is a very delicate time and seedlings should be given extra care and attention, especially if planting directly outside in a hot or cold climate.
It is best now to reduce the amount of Nitrogen you are giving the plants, as their primary focus will be Phosphorus and Potassium. It is the P and K that encourage the plants to grow pre-flowers and strong stems and side branches in preparation for a heavy harvest. Sativa dominant hybrids should be tied down here if the height is an issue.
The following guide is based on an autoflowering cultivar that takes 10 weeks from seed until harvest.
• Grow Tip: Some cultivars are more nutrient hungry than others, so do not overfeed your plants just because you are close to the harvest. Check how the plants look and respond between waterings.
Some people put their seedlings or clones right into the flowering stage if they want to harvest quickly though this makes for extremely small plants. For example, super-stealth growers who are growing in small hidden spaces – like out of a computer case – would want to put their seedlings into flowering nearly right away to keep their plants as small as possible. It’s also important to remember that container size and grow lights make a big difference. Small containers constrain the roots and keep plants from getting as big as they could, and small lights prevent buds from fattening up as much as they could.
Utopia Haze is a mix of Brazilian landrace strains
This plant didn’t spend any time in the Vegetative Stage. It was given 12-12 lighting almost immediately after sprouting. It’s so small that it spent its whole life in a solo cup, and its only light came from CFLs. I weighed down the bottom of the cup so it didn’t fall over. It ended up yielding about 0.75 oz.
Time Needed to Grow Weed, From Seedling to Harvest
These auto-flowering plants spent about 3 weeks in the vegetative stage before they automatically started flowering, and were ready to harvest just 5 weeks later. They were about a foot tall at harvest and yielded approximately 2 ounces each. Read the step-by-step tutorial to grow plants exactly like this.
Drying: 4 – 10 days
Good marijuana buds can be dried in as little as 4 days, but ideally, drying should be a slow process taking up to a week or more. Making sure your plants have been thoroughly dried (but not over-dried) will lower chances of mold during the curing process.
These cannabis plants were vegetated for about 8 weeks before being flipped to the flowering stage. Although they were grown in the exact same conditions from seed to harvest, their final heights are remarkably different because their strains had vastly different genetics. The smaller plant produced 6.6 ounces, while the big plant produced 9.3 ounces. Strain can make a big difference! Learn about growing different strains together.
A good rule of thumb…