CBD To Oil Ratio

CBDISTILLERY

Buy CBD Oil Online

In this article, we simplify and summarise the evidence for using a different CBD:THC Ratio for the treatment of a variety of indications Selecting quality cannabis products takes some time and careful consideration. Knowing what is in the products you choose is important. Learn how to make your own CBD oil at home to be used as a supplement, in cannabis-infused recipes, and even self-care products.

CBD:THC ratio explained

The use of cannabis for medicinal purposes is becoming more and more accepted throughout many countries. With the increased use of these medicines, the CBD:THC ratio is becoming more important. As popularity grows, research is being done to further understand the therapeutic benefits of different combination formulations and doses.

Currently, in New Zealand, only one medicinal cannabis product (Sativex) has been approved by Medsafe. This is for use as an add-on treatment for the symptoms of moderate to severe spasticity due to multiple sclerosis (MS). Sativex contains equal amounts of CBD and THC (a 1:1 ratio).

However, a broader range of CBD:THC combinations are being investigated to treat other indications, such as pain, epilepsy, anxiety, sleep disorders, etc. These combinations range from CBD-dominant to THC-dominant, for example, CBD:THC 20:1 through to CBD:THC 1:10.

Understanding which combination to use on individual patients is challenging. The following sections provide guidance to help understand how the ratio of CBD:THC works so that going forward you can improve the effectiveness of medicinal cannabis.

Understanding CBD and THC

Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are both natural compounds found in plants of the Cannabis genus. Although both compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, the effects of these two compounds are very different. THC binds to CB1 receptors in the brain and causes feelings of euphoria or ‘a high’. CBD binds weakly to the CB1 receptor and only when THC is present. CBD does not produce euphoria or ‘a high’.

CBD and THC can be combined in medicinal products in different ratios to produce different therapeutic effects. Because the use of medical cannabis is a relatively new area in medicine, there is still a lot of research to be done in this area. We are still learning what ratios are best for managing various conditions.

What is a CBD:THC ratio?

The ratio of CBD to THC indicates the amount of CBD compared to the amount of THC in a dose. For example, a ratio of 1:1 would mean that the amount of CBD and THC are the same in each dose. A CBD:THC ratio of 20:1 would mean that there is 20 times the amount of CBD in a dose compared to THC. Changing the ratio of CBD to THC allows for a tailor-made product that utilises the unique effects of either CBD, THC, or both for a particular patient or clinical effect.

What are the most common ratios?

Cannabis cultivars grown for the recreational market have seen a steady increase in THC content, paired with a decrease in CBD. Smoking these varieties will give the user a more potent ‘high’, but this might come at the cost of some therapeutic effects.

Medical use of CBD and THC has changed that, allowing specific ratios of CBD:THC to be selected to provide the greatest clinical benefit for each patient. Now, most medicinal cannabis products are higher in CBD than THC. Pure CBD products are considered to have less than 0.3% THC. The trend has moved towards cultivating plants or producing products that have a higher CBD to THC ratio. Ratios of CBD:THC can range between >20:1 all the way to 1:10. As a general rule of thumb, anything higher than a CBD:THC ratio of 10:1 should not elicit a high.

CBD:THC ratio for pain

By changing the ratio of CBD to THC, you are able to target and manage different types of pain.

Mild to moderate pain due to inflammation (think arthritis-type pain) can be managed well with CBD-dominant products such as CBD:THC 20:1 and 10:1. These ratios will be unlikely to induce any intoxicating effects.

Neuropathic pain, from disease or damage to the nervous system, might be better treated by increasing the ratio of THC towards a balanced ratio, 1:1. The exact ratio will depend on the severity of the condition and how well THC can be tolerated by the patient.

Very severe pain, such as cancer pain, may require THC-dominant medications. It is important to understand that THC-dominant products may induce euphoria and sedation, so care needs to be taken.

CBD:THC ratio for anxiety

Smoking cannabis can induce paranoia or extreme anxiety in certain people, so it seems counterintuitive that you could use medical cannabis preparations for the management of anxiety.

CBD has demonstrated efficacy in treating various forms of anxiety and is commonly used for this purpose. However, recreational use of high-THC cannabis is associated with increased anxiety, particularly in high doses. Reports suggest that THC has a dose-dependent effect on anxiety, where at low doses THC may be anxiolytic (reduce anxiety) but at higher doses can be anxiogenic (cause anxiety). Therefore, CBD-dominant products (CBD:THC >10:1) are likely to provide the most beneficial treatment, and in some cases, pure CBD with no THC present may be the best product to treat anxiety.

CBD:THC ratio for insomnia

Insomnia is a widespread problem and has been linked to illnesses ranging from depression to cardiovascular disease to dementia. Many allopathic medications used in the management of insomnia have adverse side effects, such as daytime drowsiness or addiction.

THC is well-known to have sedating properties via its action at the CB1 receptor; however, its use alone can cause increased anxiety and lead to other undesirable effects. By adjusting the ratio of CBD:THC, it is possible to block these undesirable effects while still retaining sedating properties. A current study is looking at a CBD:THC ratio of 20:1 in the treatment of chronic insomnia. If you are taking medicinal cannabis for other indications, it may be possible to investigate adding a slightly higher dose of THC at night-time to maximise the sedating effects and reverting to the lower THC ratio for daytime use.

How to pick the best CBD:THC ratio for your patient

This infographic provides ratios of CBD:THC and considerations of which ratio to use for certain conditions.

Currently, the only available medical cannabis in New Zealand contains a ratio of CBD:THC at 1:1; however, going forward you will be able to prescribe your patient other preparations of CBD:THC at a ratio that is optimal for what they want to achieve. The following is a rough guide of what to expect from different ratios:

See also  Autism CBD Oil
CBD:THC at a ratio of 1:2

This preparation contains twice as much THC as CBD and will have intoxicating effects, especially for new or naive users. The presence of some CBD in the preparation will dampen some side effects of the higher THC, such as paranoia, but not all. This ratio would be better suited for people who have been using medical cannabis on a chronic basis, e.g., for intractable nausea, poor appetite, or glaucoma, and have developed a high degree of tolerance.

CBD:THC at a ratio of 1:1

This preparation contains equal amounts of CBD and THC and, depending on the dose, is likely to cause symptoms of euphoria or intoxication, especially in people who are naive to cannabis use. If using this ratio, it would be prudent to start with low doses and increase slowly according to tolerance.

CBD:THC at a ratio of between 2:1 and 4:1

Preparations with this ratio of CBD to THC can be psychoactive, especially to people who have poor tolerance for THC. The increased CBD does have beneficial effects and causes some dampening of the effects of THC.

CBD:THC at a ratio of more than 10:1

CBD:THC ratios >10:1 generally produce no intoxicating effects and are ideal for patients that are not able to take THC during the day (e.g., due to driving or work). Where the condition to be treated does not require THC, these products may help provide relief for certain conditions without any intoxication of the patient. This is a really safe dose for those people who want to experience the beneficial effects of CBD without the psychoactive effects of THC.

The bottom line

There is definitely an advantage to being able to adjust the ratio of CBD:THC in your medical cannabis preparation. This will allow you to maximise the particular benefits that you want while minimising any unwanted negative side effects. Currently, the standard preparation contains a fixed ratio of CBD:THC; however, going forward new research may strengthen the argument for flexible dosing.

THC is psychoactive and may impair your ability to undertake certain tasks, such as driving or operating machinery. CBD is non-psychoactive and non-sedating and can be safely used at much higher doses than THC.

With all medicinal cannabis, it is important to start with a low dose and gradually increase it over a few days. This is particularly important for compositions containing THC. Remember: START LOW and GO SLOW.

Understanding CBD:THC Ratios

Selecting quality cannabis products takes some time and careful consideration. Knowing what is in the products you choose is important. Knowing how much of each of those ingredients or components is in a product – not just the amount but also the ratio of one key ingredient to another – is also key to anticipating the potential effects that product may produce.

When we’re talking about cannabis products, the term “ratio” typically refers to the ratio of CBD to THC. These types of ratios can be expressed as CBD:THC (the amount of CBD versus THC).

As we discussed in “The Entourage or Ensemble Effect”, the relationship between THC and CBD is interesting because it is both complementary and antagonistic meaning they both work together in some ways, but in other ways, they work to modify the effects of the other.

Here are some examples of ratios and what those ratios could mean:

40:1 – 40 parts CBD to 1 part THC. This ratio contains a significantly higher amount of CBD that will impact the way the low amount of THC works overall. The focus of a product with this combination is on the benefits of CBD.

18:1 – 18 parts CBD to 1 part THC. With a higher CBD content compared to the THC content, this ratio is not overly psychoactive and can be a good starting point for someone new to CBD or THC.

8:1 – 8 parts CBD to 1 part THC which is more of a mid-range amount of CBD. Again, the CBD content dominates the THC content for a tempering effect that minimizes overt psychoactivity.

4:1 – 4 parts CBD to 1 part THC. This ratio still has a CBD content higher than the THC, which is in the mid-range, but the THC will produce some more pronounced psychoactive effects.

2:1 – 2 parts CBD to 1 part THC. There could be more overt psychoactivity depending on a person’s THC tolerance level since this ratio is a little more equal, with less CBD to temper the THC.

1:1 – 1 part CBD to 1 part THC. While this ratio looks the most balanced, it will actually produce more of an overall psychoactivity and may be better suited for a person with a higher tolerance to THC.

Picking the right ratio is an individual thing – no two people’s bodies or brains (or endocannabinoid systems) are alike. If a person is a novice, a reasonable place to start is at the ratio with the highest amount of CBD versus the THC content. Over time, easing into trying ratios with higher THC will, inevitably, produce different effects but how strong is to be determined person to person.

Easy Homemade CBD Oil Recipe

Published: Mar 9, 2021 · Modified: Aug 8, 2022 by Emily Kyle · This post may contain affiliate links, as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.

Are you ready to learn how to make your own CBD oil to be used as a supplement, in recipes, or for self-care products? This guide will give you the step-by-step process and show you how easy it is to make the best CBD oil at home.

Features

  • Two natural ingredients: CBD flower & oil
  • No special equipment! You just need a crockpot and mason jars (or an Instant Pot)
  • Versatile and can be made with your favorite strain of CBD flower

Why You Will Love This Recipe

If you are familiar with making homemade cannabis oil, this canna oil recipe follows the same process.

The only difference is the type of cannabis flower you start with and how you decarb that flower.

For this recipe, you need CBD-dominant flowers. CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid found in cannabis plants, next to THC, and is commonly found in the hemp plant.

CBD does not produce a high or intoxicating effect like THC, which is why it is preferred by many members of my Well With Cannabis Community.

See also  Green Apple CBD Gummies

Their anecdotal evidence suggests that this homemade CBD oil can be good for managing joint pain, serious medical conditions, weaning from prescription medications, and as a supplemental dietary product.

This step-by-step guide will show you how easy it is to make your own CBD oil at home with just a few simple steps, notes, and expert tips for how to make your own CBD recipes, and fully answered FAQs.

Looking For More Support?

Join thousands of members inside my private Well With Cannabis Community to ask questions, find support, and share your edible creations!

Ingredient Notes

  • CBD Flower To make CBD oil at home, you must start with a CBD-dominant flower that has CBDA already present. You can purchase this from my online shop here.
  • Oil There are many options to choose from. Choose a type of oil that fits your personal preferences. Unsure what to pick? Check the options below.
  • Lecithin, optional: If you’re new to working with lecithin, you can learn more about adding lecithin to edibles here. This ingredient is optional.

Carrier Oil Options:

Note: a complete list of ingredients with amounts and printable instructions is located in the recipe card below.

The Step-by-Step Process

Step 1 – The goal is to create a hot water bath at approximately 180-190°F for the infusion process. The printable instructions in the recipe card below are for using a crockpot, but alternative options are outlined in the FAQ section below.

Step 2 – While the water bath is heating in the crockpot, measure and decarb the CBD flower. This is an essential step! Simply break the flower into smaller pieces, put it in a mason jar, and place that in the oven at 240° F for 90 minutes. Alternatively, can learn how to decarb in an Instant Pot.

Step 3 – Add your desired oil to the mason jar with the decarbed cannabis. If you plan to use sunflower lecithin, add it to the mason jar.

Step 4 – Carefully place the jars into the water bath, put the crockpot lid on, and leave it alone to cook for 4 hours. You want to maintain a temperature of around 180-190°F the entire time. If you don’t have a lid, aluminum foil will work. After the 4-hour cooking time, carefully remove the jars from the water bath and allow them to cool enough to handle. You are now done with the crockpot step and can discard the water bath.

Step 5 – Whether it be a paper filter and funnel, cheesecloth, French press, fine mesh strainer, or a simple coffee filter, you will want to set up a straining station to separate the plant material from the oil.

Step 6 – Once cool enough to handle, strain the prepared oil with your method of choice. You can save the plant matter, called leftover cannabis pulp, for use in future recipes.

Step 7 – Return the prepared CBD oil to whatever jar you would like to store it in; I use a small amber tincture dropper bottle.

Step 8 – Store the prepared CBD oil in a cool, dry place. It will last longer if stored in the refrigerator and even longer if stored in the freezer.

Note: complete step-by-step printable instructions are located in the recipe card below.

Storage Instructions

Store the prepared CBD oil in a cool, dry, dark place at room temperature. The shelf life will depend on various factors, including what type of oil you used and how much moisture was in your flower. The CBD hemp oil will last longer if stored in the refrigerator and even longer if stored in the freezer. The lower temperature will help to preserve the potency of your product.

More About CBD Flower

Cannabis comes in a variety of different strains with a variety of different cannabinoids and cannabinoid ratios.

While many people are familiar with traditional, THC-dominant cannabis flowers, there is also CBD-dominant cannabis flower or industrial hemp flower.

Third-party lab tests are the best way to identify what cannabinoids are present in your flower and how much CBD content is present.

CBD-dominant flowers may come with either high or low amounts of THC; it all depends on the strain of the plant.

You can read my full CBD flower guide here if you’re still unclear about CBD flowers.

CBDA to CBD Conversion

Once you have acquired the CBD flower needed to make this CBD oil recipe, the next step is to decarboxylate the CBD flower.

While you may be familiar with the traditional decarboxylation process for making traditional THC cannabis-infused oils, it is slightly different for making CBD-infused oil.

This process converts cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) into cannabidiol (CBD), although both forms remain non-intoxicating in their respective states.

It is important to remember that all cannabinoids decarboxylate at different temperatures, so the temperature and time needed to achieve full activation for CBD will differ from THC.

The most common recommendation for decarboxylating CBDA to CBD is to bake the flower at 240°F for 90 minutes.

Notes & Expert Tips

  • Making your own homemade high-quality CBD oil with the following recipe is one of the best ways to reap the health benefits of CBD and other beneficial compounds
  • Using pure CBD products, like isolates, will not produce a full-spectrum CBD oil because it does not contain a full spectrum of cannabinoids. Therefore, you may not experience the therapeutic effects of CBD
  • Use the flower-to-oil ratio guide if you need help deciding how much to use. It’s a good idea to record how many flowers you used, in grams, so you can calculate your final potency with the edible dosage calculator.
  • Once made, you can use this oil in a variety of recipes from edible recipes to beauty products! Click here to learn how to make your own CBD edibles

Frequently Asked Questions

Below are some of the most frequently asked questions I receive in my Well With Cannabis Community about making CBD oil at home.

If you want to make this recipe at home using high-quality CBD flowers, I have them available for purchase in my shop. Check with your local laws to ensure full-spectrum oil is a legal option for you.

No, you do not need to use a slow cooker or crockpot, but it is a great way to set it and forget it! You can use a double boiler or a small saucepan on the stove over low heat to create a water bath for infusion.

See also  Smilz CBD Gummies Quit Smoking

Yes, if you want a stronger, more potent infusion, you can make CBD oil with full-extract cannabis oil, also known as FECO. This is a different process than what is outlined here and involves making a cannabis tincture with the alcohol extraction method, so be sure to follow my FECO guidelines here.

The answer depends on the cannabis flower you’re using. Some flower can contain high amounts of both CBD and THC, while other flowers, like CBD hemp flower, contains low amounts of THC. If you want to ensure you are not getting high from your final product, you want to opt for a CBD-dominant flower with little to no THC.

Many people feel nothing at all when they use CBD. Using CBD is not about what you feel; it is about what you don’t feel – a lack of unwanted symptoms. Just like all things cannabis, how you feel will be entirely dependent on your own unique tolerance to cannabis.

When it comes to getting drug tested, it is important to know that using a CBD product containing any THC amount can result in a positive drug test result. If you need to be free of THC, you need to ensure the product you are using is labeled as a broad-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate product.

Yes, you can. If you want to make a smaller batch first, to see if homemade CBD oil is right for you, use this cannabis flower-to-oil ratio guide.

You can use this oil as a sublingual tincture or learn to cook with CBD oil and make these delicious CBD oil chocolate chip cookies.

How to Determine The Dosing

Want to get a more accurate guesstimate of the potency of your cannabis infusions and extractions? Try our popular edibles calculator!

Not sure what your perfect dose is? Learn more here.

Want To Make This Easier? Use A Machine!

If the process of decarbing and infusing feels like too much work, an all-in-one countertop device may be a perfect all-in-one solution.

My personal favorites? The LEVO and Ardent FX, but you can review the most popular infusion machines here.

Want A Discount Code?

More Oil Recipes You Will Love

My Edibles Made Easy Online Cooking Course will teach you how to easily make cannabis edibles and topical recipes at home. This step-by-step video course will teach you how to infuse, extract, and create edibles with many different product types – all from the comfort of your own home.

Learn more and enroll today →

Easy Guide to Make CBD Oil

Are you ready to learn how to make your own CBD oil to be used as a supplement, in recipes, or for self-care products? This guide will give you the step-by-step process and show you how easy it is to make the best CBD oil at home.

Equipment

Ingredients

  • ▢ 7 grams CBD-dominant cannabis flower
  • ▢ 4 ounces oil of choice
  • ▢ ¼ teaspoon lecithin optional

Instructions

Lay a clean tea towel down on the bottom of the crockpot. This will create a buffer between your mason jars and the crockpot, potentially preventing any jar from moving or cracking during cooking.

Fill your crockpot with enough warm to hot water to cover the top of the mason jars you plan on using by an inch to create a water bath.

Place the digital instant-read thermometer into the water. Start the crockpot heat on high. When a temperature of around 180°F is reached, turn the crockpot to low. Note: any temperature range of 180-190 degrees Fahrenheit will work. You may need to adjust to medium heat, depending on your crockpot.

While the water bath is heating in the crockpot, measure decarb the CBD flower. Simply break the flower into smaller pieces, put it in a mason jar, and place that in the oven at 240° F for 90 minutes. Click here, for a full CBD decarboxylation tutorial, if needed. Record how much flower you used, in grams, so you can calculate your final potency at the end.

After decarboxylation, remove the jar from the oven. When it is cool enough to handle, open the lid and put your oil of choice inside. You may need more than one jar if you are making a big batch. If you are using more than one jar, evenly divide the ingredients between the jars for more consistent dosing.

Wipe the rim of the jars with a clean towel, and add the lid. Tighten the metal ring to finger-tip tightness. It should be tight, but not too tight.

Carefully place the jar into the hot water bath, put the crockpot lid on, and leave it alone to cook for 4 hours. You want to maintain a temperature of around 180-190°F the entire time. If you don’t have a lid, aluminum foil will work.

After the 4-hour cooking time, carefully remove the jars from the water bath and allow them to cool enough to handle. You are now done with the crockpot step and can discard the water bath.

Prepare a straining area with new, clean mason jars and a strainer, paper filter, cheesecloth or French Press. Pour the contents of the mason jar through the strainer to separate the plant-matter from the infused oil.

Save the leftover cannabis pulp for use in future recipes. Then return the prepared CBD oil to whatever jar you would like to store it in, like an amber glass jar with a dropper.

Notes

Storage Instructions: Store the prepared CBD oil in a cool, dry, dark place at room temperature. The shelf life will depend on a variety of factors including what type of oil you used and how much moisture was in your flower. The CBD hemp oil will last longer if stored in the refrigerator and even longer if stored in the freezer. The lower temperature will help to preserve the potency of your product.

Nutrition

Serving: 1 teaspoon Calories: 55 kcal Carbohydrates: 1 g Fat: 6 g Saturated Fat: 6 g Fiber: 1 g Sugar: 1 g Calcium: 1 mg Iron: 1 mg

Did you make this recipe or have a question? Join hundreds of members inside private Well With Cannabis Community for help, support, and to share your edible creations!

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 3 / 5. Vote count: 1

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.