Cannabis Ruderalis is a branch of the ganja family that has adapted for life in extreme northern climates such as Northern Europe, Northern Russia and Canada. These regions have short growing seasons, just 3 months of half decent weather. Normal cannabis indica/sativa simply can’t grow properly in these cold climates with short summers. Cannabis Ruderalis however has cleverly adapted to the extremely short growing season by adapting an automatic growing cycle. With only a short summer to use, Ruderalis plants germinate and immediately set about a frantic growth cycle that allows them to grow, flower and seed in just 10 weeks. This is the only way Cannabis Ruderalis can survive.
The potency of the best Auto’s such as Auto Mazar and the connoisseurs’ favourite AutoBluberry is just as good as traditional varieties. But it is the insane yields we are seeing with AutoMazar that has surprised so many in the world of cannabis. Grow Diary
It is ironic that Cannabis Ruderalis was ignored for so long. Dutch Passion now invest heavily in research and development of Cannabis Ruderalis as it has allowed an exciting new branch of cannabis genetics to open up. AutoFem strains are easy to grow, easy to keep hidden in your garden and have excellent potency. People that only ever grew indoor cannabis strains now plant a pack of AutoFem seeds every year. Growing them couldn’t be any easier!
The first generation of cannabis indica/sativa strains crossed with Ruderalis genetics were called ‘Automatic’. Dutch Passion made their automatic strains fully feminised and called them ‘AutoFem’ strains. Today some of these AutoFem strains are more popular than the traditional varieties which we have sold for deacdes. AutoFem strains have been a revolution for medical and recreational growers. They are maintenance free, they grow to around 1 metre (easy to hide) and are ready in just 10 weeks. Everyone is growing them.
Modern AutoFlowering strains are much improved over the first ones that were produced. Inconsistent growth, hermie problems and lack of potency issues have all been overcome. In Dutch Passions case, the AutoFem varieties are stable, and very potent. 25-50 grams of great bud is typically produced from AutoFem strains grown in small containers. But if the AutoFem plant is given good soil and light then 100-200 grams is regularly achieved.
Thanks to this autoflowering capability, ruderalis can be used to breed new cannabis strains. Although it may not be desirable for recreational or medicinal purposes on its own, when crossed with high-quality indica/sativa/hybrid cultivars, ruderalis can endow the resulting strain with the autoflowering trait. This significantly reduces stress on the grower, allowing them to keep plants under a consistent 18–20-hour light schedule throughout all phases of growth.
Aside from light schedule, autoflowers offer the advantage of a faster overall grow cycle. This lessens the threat of losing good cannabis to bad weather and allows growers the opportunity to harvest multiple crops per season and per year. Beginner growers and experienced cash-croppers alike have taken to autoflowers (and therefore ruderalis) for these very reasons.
However, most everyday consumers aren’t aware that there is a lesser known type of cannabis that has transformed the world of cultivation and strain creation: Cannabis ruderalis.
Cannabis ruderalis has humbly remained the underdog of the three major cannabis subspecies. However, it is now making its name known and gaining well-earned respect by bringing autoflowering genes to the scene.
Ruderalis is often described as the third type of cannabis along with Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, although botanists are unsure whether it qualifies as a species in its own right. Genetically, Cannabis ruderalis is somewhere between indica and sativa varieties.
In the past, ruderalis didn’t really have a significant role. It isn’t valuable for agricultural or recreational use. So, why did people start using it? Well, we have yet to mention ruderalis’ most sought-after quality; the one that has made it a new staple in the cannabis community. Unlike sativa or indica, ruderalis doesn’t rely on daylight hours to bloom, instead blooming based on age.
Hemp is also a more versatile plant than ruderalis. Humans have cultivated hemp for millennia, using it for many different purposes, from making fabrics and paper to food, biofuel, and health supplements.
A Ruderalis plant is remarkably small, an adult plant has a length that varies between 30 cm and 80 cm. The plant does not have many branches, the leaves are about the same width as the Indica plant. After the start of the flowering period, the Ruderalis will not grow as strongly as the Indica variety. The Ruderalis distinguishes itself from the other two varieties by flowering based on age, not photoperiod. Normally the flowering of a plant will be caused by the seasonal changes, with the Ruderalis this is not the case. That is why we speak of a “self-flowering ability” in the Ruderalis. When this plant has developed into the fifth or seventh knot or leaf pair, it will flower. This normally takes about seven weeks. When the Cannabis Ruderalis starts flowering it will continue to do so until there are circumstances that cause the plant to die. This differs from the other plants that die after reproduction, or return to the vegetative growth phase during a long photoperiod.
Because the three varieties originated in different places on earth, each with very different characteristics in terms of climate, day length and ecosystem, the three varieties also have very different characteristics in terms of growth and reproduction. The phenotype Cannabis Sativa L. originated in a tropical climate, the spread of the plant after the ice age led to the emergence of new plants that had adapted to the changing climate. In addition, agriculture, and the human factor also had a great influence on the genes of the Indica and Sativa plants, the wild Ruderalis has been influenced to a lesser extent by these conditions.
The word “Ruderal” stands for plants that grow in places adapted by man or nature. Think of ruderal plants that grow on agricultural land that lies fallow, or plants along the side of the road. The name “Cannabis Ruderalis” is based on this term.
How does a Ruderalis plant grow?
Not all botanists agree that the Ruderalis is an independent strain, although it is often referred to as a third type of cannabis. Originally the Ruderalis plant comes from Central Asia, Central Europe and Russia. The plant has adapted to the extreme conditions in those areas. Probably the Ruderalis originates from the Indica variety, which in turn originates from the Sativa variety.
The Ruderalis has adapted to summers that are cooler and shorter, which has a positive impact on its life cycle. The period from new seed to the production of own seeds can take place in ten weeks. By the way, the normal period is twelve to fourteen weeks, but it can sometimes be shorter. The seeds are easier to release than other species, the seed can also endure several seasons in frozen soil. Only when the conditions are right will the Ruderalis start to grow. The seeds are even resistant to breaking open by humans or animals, in some breeds this is even the reason for seeds to germinate.
In the wild Cannabis Ruderalis varieties the CBD content will be relatively high, and the THC content will be relatively low. The pure Ruderalis plant is not so suitable for recreational use or for the fibres. On the other hand, this plant is very popular with cannabis growers because of its autoflowering properties, its resistant character and the very fast time to flower. For early maturing outdoor plants, hybrid varieties of Indica and Ruderalis appear to be the most suitable. The therapeutic advantages of the CBD content makes the Ruderalis suitable for medicinal applications. The therapeutic benefits overshadow the psychoactive properties associated with a high THC content.