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Answers To: -Why are Edibles Inconsistent? -Why are Edibles Expensive? -Why do Edibles Taste Bad? -Do Edibles Cause Digestive or Health Issues? -Why Don’t Edibles Get Me High? Does CBD help with GERD and acid reflux? Those suffering from frequent heartburn often seek natural remedies to their problems, and CBD shows promise in the treatment and prevention of acid reflux. Is CBD oil good for you? Bad for you? Something in between? What are the side effects of CBD oil?

The 5 Problems with Edibles

Edible cannabis products are known for their strong effects and long experience durations – however, they do have their drawbacks.

The most common complaints about edibles are around inconsistent effects, expensive pricing, bad taste, worries about negative health effects, and the all too common question:” Why don’t edibles get me high?”

There are some explanations behind these issues that can help consumers better understand how edibles work – and why edibles might not be the best consumption method for everyone.

In this article we will give some insight on the pros and cons of edibles, in hopes that consumers can make the best informed decision on if edibles are the right method for them.

Below are the 5 Biggest Problems people report with edibles.

Why are Edibles Inconsistent?

This is one of the major problems with edibles; why are the effects so unpredictable?

Before the rise of lab testing, edibles were incredibly difficult to accurately dose during production and consumption. Due to the uneven infusion of compounds, separate doses from the same batch of edibles could produce extremely different effects.

Additionally, not knowing the starting cannabis material & infusion type of an edible makes predicting effects almost impossible. Thankfully, edible companies in legal state cannabis markets are making strides at addressing these issues.

State required lab testing is the most effective advancement in producing consistent edibles. This happens at multiple stages of the production process, making it much easier to know the overall dose and serving size of an edible.

Another step that edible companies are taking to ensure consistency in their products is the use of uniform starting materials, establishing relationships with suppliers that maintain a reliable source of quality cannabis for production.

Some companies even create strain-specific infusions to add another layer of consistency. This allows consumers to estimate the type of effects they can experience based on their reaction to the strain itself.

Lastly, many edible producers are becoming aware of the impact of the Entourage Effect on cannabis experiences, planning their recipes with these interactions in mind.

If you’re not familiar with the Entourage Effect, it is the principle that the full matrixes of compounds in cannabis (like cannabinoids, Terpenes, flavonoids, etc.) interact with each other in unique ways to produce different, nuanced effects when consumed together.

By maintaining the natural ratios of THC, CBD, minor cannabinoids like CBG and THCV, and the Terpenes that give the cannabis its scent/flavor, edible produces can keep those specific effects produced by that cannabis type more consistent in their edible product.

Producers can also add in additional Terpenes to try to control the nuance of the effects experienced, such as adding Myrcene to create a more relaxed feeling or Pinene for a more energizing effect.

While Terpenes can affect people in different ways, many of them provide more predictable effects for most consumers. Paying attention to the Terpenes types and concentrations in edibles can help you find a consistent edible with repeatable effects.

Why are Edibles Expensive?

Why are edibles so much more expensive than cannabis flower? There are several factors to consider when explaining the higher price of edibles.

The biggest reason edibles are priced so high is because of the amount of processing required to create them.

Not only must the starting cannabis be purchased from grower, it must then be infused into the ingredients of a manufactured food product to create the edible, and also be packaged and branded for sale by the edible company. All while receiving lab testing during the production process.

Each of these processing steps can add several additional costs to the bottom line of creating that edible.

Another explanation behind the increased price of edibles is the amount of specialization & expertise required to produce quality edibles.

Crafting a high-quality edible requires in-depth recipe research & development, sourcing quality ingredients, and formulating an infusion method that will deliver multiple important factors such as taste, potency, etc.

So while the price for an edible might be a bit higher than a similar quantity of flower, what you’re really getting is a high-quality, dose verified cannabis product made by food artisans with your best experience in mind.

Additionally, edibles give you much longer experience durations and even stronger effects than an equal amount of cannabis flower. So, not only is the edible a tested infused food product, it actually provides cannabis benefits beyond what flower can offer.

Why do Edibles Taste Bad?

While some consumers love the earthy flavor of cannabis edibles, other consumers can be completely turned off by the slightest taste of plant flavor.

The strong flavor of cannabis edibles can be explained pretty easily.

The most obvious reason would be the plant material used to create edibles, especially in whole-plant infusions. This can lead to some of the Chlorophyll and other plant matter winding up in the final product. A high-quality edible will have refined infusions to reduce the amount of plant matter, although even this can’t remove every trace of cannabis taste from an edible.

This is especially true for Terpenes-rich edibles, as Terpenes are the essential oils responsible for the strong, distinctive smell of cannabis.

Edibles made with a isolate or distillate are likely the best choice for consumers who don’t favor the taste of cannabis. The lack of plant material in the starting cannabis product will produce less earthy flavor in the final product. Just keep in mind that when you lose the whole-plant starting material, you are also losing the full spectrum of cannabis compounds, which will impact the effects you experience.

Do Edibles Cause Digestive or Health Issues?

While there are no majorly dangerous side effects to consuming cannabis, there can still be some uncomfortable physical sensations from eating edibles that lead many to wonder what health risks may be associated with cannabis.

Aside from accidental THC over-consumption which can lead to nausea and other symptoms, some consumers may experience digestive discomfort from cannabis edibles.

This is an effect that will likely not be the experience of most consumers, and is usually reported in consumers that are more sensitive to cannabis and its effects.

More research is needed in this area, but early studies suggest some people might be allergic to cannabis. In which case, ingesting plant matter will most likely cause discomfort.

Always remember to take note of your experiences with cannabis in any form, and always take personal precautions. For example, try not to eat an edible on an empty stomach, as the digestion of the plant material can increase the chances of stomach pain and gas.

Consuming an edible on an empty stomach can also increase the chances of heartburn, so eating a fatty snack just before or along with your edible can help you metabolize the cannabis more effectively.

Always make sure you are hydrated before and during your edible experience, as dehydration can lead to negative effects such as light-headedness, stomach upset, constipation, and others. These effects can be heightened by the cannabis in your system if you don’t stay adequately hydrated.

Cannabis use in general, especially an extra large dose of THC, can cause a temporary impact on heart rate. This is because THC is a vasodilator, which means it increases your blood vessel size, and can result in an increased heart rate to maintain constant blood flow.

The good news is, there has never been a reported case of heart failure, heart disease, or prolonged arrhythmia directly cause by cannabis use. However, if you are someone with an existing heart condition, you will want to take extra precaution when experimenting with cannabis edibles.

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If you do begin to feel your heart racing during cannabis consumption, slow or pause your consumption, drink plenty of water, and sit in a calm quiet place if possible to regain control of your situation and work to slow your heart rate. Remembering that these symptoms are only temporary and not serious can often help you take charge of the situation and dissolve the negative effects you are experiencing.

Lastly, research has been moving forward to determine whether or not CBD can potentially damage your liver. Through these studies, scientists have discovered that liver damage may only occur when excessively large levels of cannabinoids have been detected in the system, typically far beyond what a person could ever reasonably consume.

Standard dose ranges of CBD did not appear to present any negative outcomes, in fact separate research has suggested that many cannabinoids may even be able to help protect the liver from cellular damage and prevent certain liver diseases.

So while digestive discomfort may occur while using cannabis edibles, any chance of experiencing real liver damage or acute health risks is highly unlikely.

CBD for GERD and Acid Reflux: Can Cannabis Oil Help?

Experiencing heartburn after eating a hearty meal — especially a spicy one — isn’t uncommon. In fact, 1 in 10 Americans experiences Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), which is closely related to acid reflux. Most people use over-the-counter medications for short-term relief from GERD, but these medications fail to provide long-term benefits. They also have side effects upon prolonged use, including headache, nausea, vomiting, nausea, and vitamin deficiencies.

CBD oil can be an effective alternative for GERD, but most importantly, it also seems safer than conventional treatments. In this article, we explain the mechanism behind CBD’s benefits for GERD and acid reflux on top of providing a buyer’s guide for beginners in this booming and unregulated market.

CBD for GERD and Acid Reflux: Highlights

  • GERD is the abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disorder. It is caused by esophageal dysfunction and dysregulation of gastric acid secretion.
  • In a study published by Current Neuropharmacology, cannabinoid receptor activities in the endocannabinoid system were mentioned to provide modulatory effects on gastric acid secretion, gastrointestinal inflammation, and esophageal function (1).
  • A 2016 review posted in the Asian Pacific Journal of Medicine highlighted CBD and THC as potential inhibitors of gastric acid secretions through their interaction with cannabinoid receptors (2).
  • According to the British Pharmacological Society, cannabinoid receptors are engaged in modulating esophageal function (3).
  • Studies confirmed that the gastric protective and anti-inflammatory effects of CBD might be useful in treating GERD.

What is GERD and Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus due to the movements of transient lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscle. The sphincter muscle opens when you swallow food. Dysfunctional LES muscles cause the sphincter to open even when a person is not swallowing. The continuous flow of gastric acid in the esophagus may trigger inflammation known as esophagitis. This, in turn, causes heartburn, which is a burning sensation causing discomfort in sufferers.

GERD is a more severe form of acid reflux. On top of heartburn, it can cause coughing, wheezing, sore throat, and voice hoarseness; untreated GERD may also lead to esophageal mucosal damage and hiatal hernia resulting from prolonged exposure to gastric acid on the lining of the esophagus. Individuals with GERD are also more prone to developing esophageal cancer.

Risk Factors for GERD

Acid reflux and GERD may be caused by some lifestyle factors that cause irritation to the esophagus. The risk factors and causes of GERD include:

  • Not swallowing food properly
  • Eating large meals
  • Consuming spicy foods
  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Drinking coffee
  • Taking aspirin
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Hereditary factors
  • Hiatal hernia (bulging of the stomach)

Can CBD Oil Help with GERD and Acid Reflux?

CBD oil isn’t the first-choice treatment for GERD. Doctors usually recommend over-the-counter antacids (stomach neutralizers) and proton pump inhibitors (PPI) such as nizatidine and cimetidine. The PPI medications reduce the number of stomach acids.

However, the said medications might have adverse effects, such as constipation, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and neurotoxicity. These side effects, as well as the low cost-efficacy of such treatments, tend to occur in elderly patients, which is why some individuals are seeking natural alternatives.

Although there’s a lack of direct studies on CBD’s efficacy for GERD, existing research indicates that CBD’s activity on the endocannabinoid system (ECS) — specifically on its receptors — might produce several modulatory effects that can regulate gastric acid production, reduce pain, and inflammation in the gut, and promote healthy esophageal function.

The ECS is a widespread regulatory network that helps the body maintain a balance between all biological processes between its systems and organs. It is found in all vertebrates and mammals.

According to a 2016 review published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Medicine, cannabinoid receptor activities prompted by CBD and THC might reduce stomach acid production. The authors of the review cited studies pointing to cannabis extracts as a means to protect animal subjects from mucosal damage and gastric lesions.

Cannabis contains both CBD and THC; depending on the species, they occur in different ratios. Hemp plants contain higher levels of CBD and only trace amounts of THC (no more than 0.3%), while marijuana comes with significant concentrations of THC and low-to-moderate CBD content.

The research team concluded that the gastric protective and anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoids on the gut may be useful in treating GERD and its symptoms.

An animal study published by the British Pharmacological Society mentioned that cannabinoids could improve gastrointestinal motility by reducing LES relaxation. Some researchers believe that disruptions in gastric motility may also be involved in the faster onset of GERD.

GERD is often associated with inflammation and oxidative stress caused by inflammatory cytokines. These compounds are known to cause early inflammation in individuals with GERD. In a study using animal and human biopsies, the researchers have found that CBD produces remarkable anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. The authors of the study added that these benefits hold promise for treating inflammation conditions.

According to researchers, GERD could be a significant cause of anxiety and depression. A study published by Cureus concluded that 41% of GERD patients suffered from depression, 34% suffered from anxiety, and 27% had both (4).

A study from Frontiers in Immunology acknowledged that CBD may be an effective treatment for mental health problems due to its anxiolytic and antidepressant effects.

How Does CBD Work for GERD?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays an important role in the regulation of biological processes in the body, including gastrointestinal function. As mentioned, cannabinoid receptor activities have been linked to modulatory effects on gastroesophageal activity and the production of stomach acids.

Cannabinoid receptors are found in the immune system, central nervous system, and gastrointestinal system. The immunomodulatory effects of CBD derived from its interaction with CB2 receptors. CBD also reduces the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, curbing inflammation and allowing the body to regenerate faster (5).

The presence of cannabinoid receptors in the gastrointestinal system is another possible explanation for the benefits of CBD for GERD.

Long story short, CBD’s interaction with the ECS and its receptors may regulate GI tract motility, reduce gastric acid secretion, and lower inflammation in the gut.

Is CBD Oil the Same as Medical Marijuana?

CBD oil can be extracted from two types of cannabis plants: hemp and marijuana. It is made using CO2, steam, or solvents — resulting in a concentrated oil chock-full of cannabinoids and terpenes. This oil can be further added to carrier oils, edibles, capsules, topicals, and vape liquids.

If a CBD oil is derived from hemp, it will contain only 0.3% of THC per volume. These are insufficient concentrations to produce a high. Instead, the user will experience the benefits of CBD enhanced by the presence of other cannabinoids and terpenes.

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On the other hand, CBD oil sourced from medical marijuana strains will provide higher concentrations of THC, ranging between 5–35% depending on the strain. Selectively bred marijuana plants also come with higher ratios of CBD. They may come in a 1:1, 2:1, 5:1, 10:1, or even 20:1 ratio. Depending on the THC content in such CBD oils, the intoxicating effects may range from nearly nonexistent to mild euphoria on the verge of high. However, these effects are nowhere near the signature intoxication from high-THC strains.

If you’re looking for a product that is legal in all 50 states and won’t get you high, hemp-derived CBD oil is a more available option for GERD. This may change, though, as more states are on the way to legalizing the entire spectrum of cannabis.

How to Choose CBD Products for Acid Reflux?

Here are a few tips to consider before buying CBD for GERD and acid reflux:

  • Do your research about any company selling CBD. The market is unregulated, so there’s a risk of buying a mislabeled or dangerous product. You can find more information about the CBD product and the company behind it by checking customer reviews, testimonials, and by reading expert blogs.
  • People with GERD should first consult with a gastroenterologist and discuss different treatment options. Holistic physicians should be knowledgeable about CBD and its benefits for inflammation and gastrointestinal problems.
  • Be sure to check for Certificates of Analysis (CoA) from an independent laboratory to confirm that the potency on the label reflects the actual chemical profile of your CBD oil. Outside laboratories also look for common contaminants, such as pesticides, solvents, heavy metals, and residual solvents.

Another important thing to consider when buying CBD oil for GERD is the cannabinoid spectrum it offers.

Full Spectrum or Isolate: Which Is Better for GERD?

CBD is available in three basic formats: full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.

Full-spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids in hemp, including CBD, CBC, CBG, CBN, and traces of THC (up to 0.3%). Together, these compounds enter a synergy known as the entourage effect. According to a review published in Frontiers in Plant Science, the entourage effect increases the primary activity of the endocannabinoid system. The author of the study noted that the whole-plant synergy would explain why botanical extracts are more efficient compared to isolated compounds (6).

The entourage effect was demonstrated by a controlled trial on patients with chronic pain. In the study, opioid treatment supported with isolated THC failed to provide significant relief compared to placebo. However, a whole-plant extract containing both THC and CBD produced much better results (7).

The second type — broad-spectrum CBD — includes CBD, CBG, CBC, CBN, all the minor cannabinoids, and terpenes — but without any THC. The intoxicating cannabinoid is removed after initial extraction. Although not as potent as full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum extracts still evoke some of the entourage effects.

Finally, individuals who are allergic to other compounds from hemp, or those afraid of failing a drug test for THC, may opt for CBD isolate. This product contains 99% pure CBD and carries the highest dose in a single serving. However, CBD isolate doesn’t produce the entourage effect and is less predictable when it comes to dosing.

Safety: Can CBD Oil Make Acid Reflux Worse?

There is no evidence that CBD oil could make acid reflux or GERD worse. Unlike conventional anti-acid reflux medications, CBD doesn’t have dangerous side effects and is well tolerated in humans in doses of up to 1,500 mg daily. Numerous health agencies, including the World Health Organization (WHO), have concluded that CBD is a safe and effective compound.

Of course, this doesn’t mean CBD oil is free from side effects. They do exist, but they are very mild and typically include the following symptoms:

  • Dry mouth
  • A temporary drop in blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite
  • Diarrhea

There’s also a chance of CBD-induced drug interactions, so if you take any medications, consult your doctor to avoid them. Doing so may also help you find the right dosage for yourself.

CBD Dosage for Acid Reflux

The FDA has yet to regulate CBD products, so until that happens, there are no officially established dosage guidelines when it comes to using CBD for specific conditions. The best CBD dosage range for GERD and acid reflux depends on several individual factors, such as your age, weight, metabolism, the severity of symptoms, and previous experience with CBD. The potency of your product, its cannabinoid spectrum, and the route of administration also affect the onset, type, and duration of effects.

It’s recommended to start with a low dose to evaluate your body’s response to CBD. The optimal initial dosage is between 2–5 mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of the body weight. After one week, you can reassess the effects and adjust the dose if needed. Once you’ve found your effective dose, you can stick to it; there’s no risk of building tolerance to CBD.

Final Verdict: Does CBD Help with GERD?

Acid reflux is a gastrointestinal condition that can cause discomfort in the stomach, leading to backflow or “reflux” of gastric acid to the esophageal tract. Poor diet and bad lifestyle choices (e.g. high-sugar diet, spicy food, and smoking cigarettes), can cause acute acid reflux to turn into a chronic disease known as GERD.

CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, whose receptors are present in the gastrointestinal tract. Through this interaction, CBD modulates the activity of the immune system, reducing inflammation. It also slows down the production of stomach acid and improves gastrointestinal motility, preventing fluid backflow to the esophagus.

CBD is a promising anti-acid reflux agent; however, more direct clinical trials are needed to confirm its efficacy on a relevant sample. If you’re considering taking CBD oil for acid reflux, you should seek advice from a holistic gastroenterologist.

Do you take CBD oil for GERD? Or do you know anyone who has managed to overcome acid reflux using CBD products? Let us know in the comments section!

References:

  1. Gyires, Klára, and Zoltán S Zádori. “Role of Cannabinoids in Gastrointestinal Mucosal Defense and Inflammation.” Current neuropharmacology vol. 14,8 (2016): 935-951. doi:10.2174/1570159×14666160303110150
  2. Abdel-Salam, Omar. “Gastric acid inhibitory and gastric protective effects of Cannabis and cannabinoids.” Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine vol. 9,5 (2016): 413-9. doi:10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.04.021
  3. Wright, K L et al. “Cannabinoid CB2 receptors in the gastrointestinal tract: a regulatory system in states of inflammation.” British journal of pharmacology vol. 153,2 (2008): 263-70. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707486
  4. Mohammad, Saleh et al. “Depression and Anxiety in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder With and Without Chest Pain.” Cureus vol. 11,11 e6103. 8 Nov. 2019, doi:10.7759/cureus.6103
  5. Nagarkatti, Prakash et al. “Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs.” Future medicinal chemistry vol. 1,7 (2009): 1333-49. doi:10.4155/fmc.09.93
  6. Russo, Ethan B. “The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain.” Frontiers in plant science vol. 9 1969. 9 Jan. 2019, doi:10.3389/fpls.2018.01969
  7. van de Donk, Tine et al. “An experimental randomized study on the analgesic effects of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia.” Pain vol. 160,4 (2019): 860-869. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001464
Livvy Ashton

Livvy is a registered nurse (RN) and board-certified nurse midwife (CNM) in the state of New Jersey. After giving birth to her newborn daughter, Livvy stepped down from her full-time position at the Children’s Hospital of New Jersey. This gave her the opportunity to spend more time writing articles on all topics related to pregnancy and prenatal care.

What Are the Side Effects of CBD Oil?

Is CBD oil good for you? Bad for you? Something in between? What are the side effects of CBD oil?

Cannabidiol, or CBD oil, is an extract from the cannabis plant. It has boomed in the wake of the legalized marijuana movement, now that businesses can grow and sell the substance freely in several states.

Advocates market CBD oil typically as a health supplement, and they do so comprehensively. It has started showing up everywhere from web banners to smoothie shops. While it has few recreational properties, CBD oil’s boom in recent years is through the quasi-medical field. Like turmeric, ginseng and tinctures, CBD oil promises to ease a wide variety of ailments without the invasiveness of pharmaceutical drugs.

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The question is… what is it really doing to you?

Does CBD Oil Work?

Cannabidiol is one of the two active ingredients in marijuana, but on its own is not enough to get you high. It can, though, help you feel better under the right circumstances.

While doctors and researchers take CBD oil’s role in medicine seriously, much of its profile has been raised by salesmen who make extravagant promises that no medicine (no less supplement) could hope to fulfill.

Some CBD oil salesmen promise that their product can cure everything from anxiety to cancer. They cram it into every product that can soak up a liquid, including gummies, shampoo, toothpastes and even pills for your cat. In the low-water mark for any “medical” supplement, you can now buy it at many juice bars and coffee shops as an additive that can somehow take your banana-strawberry smoothie to 11.

All of which is a shame, because this associates CBD oil with the bottomless deceit that is the world of medical supplements. Yet the substance has some early promise. As noted on Harvard Medical School’s website, CBD oil has some evidence linking it to treatment for epilepsy, seizures, chronic pain and arthritis.

There isn’t enough evidence to say that the oil definitely does help with these things, nor that simply cramming some in a milkshake will do the slightest bit of good, just that doctors are optimistic about their research. For more information on the medicine of CBD oil, see our article here.

What Are the Side Effects?

That’s how CBD oil might help. But can it hurt? Usually, no. It is generally not habit-forming, and most side effects are minor.

According to a report by the World Health Organization, “CBD appears to have little effect on conditioned place preference or intracranial self-stimulation… [It] exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.”

“To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

In other words, there is no evidence at the moment that CBD oil tends to be either physically or psychologically habit forming.

Dangerous Side Effects of CBD Oil

There are some known real risks to CBD oil, however. Be absolutely certain to consult a doctor before using CBD oil if any of the below apply to you.

It can lower your blood pressure and interact with medication.

Mostly, CBD oil is benign. Its side effects might leave you feeling unwell for a little while, but they will pass. But this is a medication, even if it is marketed carelessly, and that means it can have a powerful effect on your body.

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CBD oil can act as a blood thinner and in doing so it can lower your blood pressure. For someone who has issues with blood pressure this can pose very real risks.

It can also interact with medications through “the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does,” according to an article on the Harvard health blog. While rarely a significant concern, on certain medications these interactions can be harmful or even deadly, according to the FDA. If you have blood pressure issues, are taking prescription drugs or have ever been warned about ingesting fruit juice, citrus or fermented products, consult your doctor before touching CBD oil.

It can make Parkinson’s disease worse.

Some research indicates that CBD oil can exacerbate the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease. This research is ongoing, but patients should avoid the product until more definitive results come out.

Mild Side Effects of CBD Oil

Most of the side effects of CBD oil are moderate. Unless you fall into one of the specific categories above, the odds are that this is a generally benign product with limited negative consequences, according to one research paper. Most of those include:

It can cause nausea and general sickness.

Nausea and gastrointestinal issues are a pretty common side effect of CBD oil. This can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness and other symptoms associated with a digestive problem (think how you would feel after eating something that disagreed with you). In part, some people simply don’t digest CBD oil well. This is not uncommon with oils and supplements.

However, this is also often caused by the fact that this is an unregulated supplement. There are no standards for dosage and safe measurement, so it’s quite possible that you could get an amount far in excess of what your body can handle. At this point, your body will simply flush it out. Unpleasantly.

It can cause drowsiness and light-headedness.

This side effect should come as no surprise. Doctors have long looked at cannabis as a treatment for sleep disorders, and CBD oil is no exception. Putting you to sleep is a feature, not a bug. Just don’t be surprised if your CBD latte doesn’t pack the caffeine punch you expected.

It can cause loss of appetite and dry mouth.

Ironically, perhaps, for a cannabis product, CBD oil has been linked to loss of appetite in some people. Along with dry mouth, it can simply leave you feeling unpleasant after ingesting. As with most other side effects, this will pass in time.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

Like all things marijuana, the legal status of CBD oil is ambiguous and highly state-dependent. While many states have legalized it for production and sale, this still violates federal law. The Department of Justice has currently decided not to prosecute individuals for possession and sale of marijuana products in states where this is legal, but that’s a discretionary act.

Once again this gets complicated. When extracted from cannabis, CBD oil counts as a marijuana product. However, in some cases growers can produce CBD oil from hemp. The 2018 Agriculture Improvement Act made this form of CBD oil production legal under federal law.

Cannabis-extract CBD oil is typically legal in states that have also legalized recreational marijuana, however its status is usually complicated.

CBD oil in all forms is regulated as a medical supplement, because this is typically how it is advertised. As a result, only five states currently have no significant restrictions on its sale and consumption. Every other state has either restricted it through marijuana laws or limits the sale of CBD oil in some form, whether through food and drink regulation, medical regulation or other forms of restriction.

In short, there’s a different answer for this question for every single state. Make sure to research the laws of your state carefully, and for more information check out our article here.

The Bottom Line

Like most supplements, CBD oil rarely does what it promises. It does have some early medical potential, and doctors may prescribe it for patients at risk of seizure or with inflammatory issues. However, as an over-the-counter oil or when infused into a snack cake it probably won’t do you much good. You may see some benefits in connection with CBD oil’s anti-anxiety or sleep aid properties, but the odds are that any real improvements are largely psychosomatic.

Still, if it works for you there’s probably no harm in it either. Unless you fall into one of the specific categories listed above, CBD oil’s side effects are generally mild and of limited duration. Like with all medical changes, alert your doctor if you begin taking it regularly, but otherwise it will probably do neither harm nor good.

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